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股票投资50本经典书籍

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中国居民炒美股需要交税么?

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鉴于篇幅,我们只讨论一种情况,也就是非美国税务居民的外国人(Nonresident Alien) 投资美股、美债的税务问题。

美国税法对“非税务居民”的定义是


1.股息(红利)税(Dividend Tax)

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2. 利息税(Tax on Interests)


3.资本利得税(Capital Gain Tax)

  • 净长期资本利得/损失 = 长期资产利得 – 长期资产损失
  • 净短期资本利得/损失 = 短期资产利得 – 短期资产损失
  • 净资本利得 = 净长期资本利得 – 净短期资本损失

不过——非居民投资美国不用缴纳资本利得税。资本利得税是对资本利得所征的税。简单而言就是对投资者证券买卖所获取的价差收益征税。

根据美国国税局 (IRS) 指示,中国享有美国政府所得税减免互惠条件,外国投资人如填妥W-8BEN表格,确认外籍纳税人身份者,可享受免扣缴所得税的优惠。

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美国股票交易如何报税?| 2022美国报税攻略

Tax Rate

案例:小明是单身,他在2019年11月花了$5,000买入一只股票,到了2020年5月的时候,小明以$10,000卖出了这只股票,盈利了$5,000 美金。由于股票持有时间只有6个月(少于一年),所以盈利的$5,000美金算是短期投资收益。除此之外,小明在2020年还有工作收入(W-2) $30,000美金。这样小明的2020年总收入为 $35,000美金,减去单身报税的标准免税额(Standard Deduction) $12,400。 小明需要纳税的收入是$22,600 乘以 12% 的税率,小明需要交税$2,712.

Wash Sale

短期投资的时候,最容易遇到的是Wash Sale。那什么是Wash Sale 呢?

案例:小明手上有两只股票:特斯拉(Tesla) 和 美联航(United Airlines)股票投资50本经典书籍 。2020年的时候,科技股一路飙升,小明把特斯拉股票卖掉,净赚了$20,000。小明不想在股票投资上交很多税,所以他想把手上已经亏损的美联航也卖掉一些,用来抵消已经赚的投资收入。他在11月15号卖掉了500 股美联航股票,净亏损$15,000。 所以在2020年结束的时候,他的投资收入就是 $20,000 – $15,000 = $5,000。可是小明看到Covid-19 疫情已经好转,美联航股票开始上升,他在12月10号的时候,又回购了500股美联航。由于他在30天内买回了同一只股票,产生了Wash Sale, 他的$15,000 亏损,国税局不会承认,不能用来抵税,他依然需要按照$20,000 投资收入报税。